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J글로벌-채텀하우스 포럼 외교장관 오찬 연설문(영문)

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J글로벌-채텀하우스 포럼 외교장관 오찬 연설문(영문)
저작(권)자
저작자 미상 (저작물 2267371 건)
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Chairman Hong Seok-hyun‚
Director Niblett‚
Former Prime Minister Rudd‚
Distinguished guests‚ and
Ladies and gentlemen‚
Last week‚ I returned home after taking part in the UN General Assembly and related special summits. As many of you are well aware‚ my President and many world leaders had to grapple with a host of complicated issues simultaneously‚ from climate change‚ poverty eradication‚ and education to the Ebola outbreak‚ the extremism of ISIL and foreign terrorist fighters. The list goes on and on. It truly feels a global Pandora’s box is opening up. The message is clear: in this interconnected world we are no longer free‚ whether from problems of global governance‚ or from the conflicts of other regions. We cannot go it alone.
This sense of urgency and unease is now shared more widely. Last July in an interview with Foreign Policy magazine‚ Dr. Brzenzinski said‚ quote “we’re seeing the kind of world in which there is enormous turmoil and fragmentation and uncertainty ? not a single central threat to everybody‚ but a lot of diversified threats to almost everybody” unquote. Dr. Henry Kissinger recently commented in his latest book‚ “World Order” that the world is now at a turning point.
But if one asked‚ ‘where do most daunting challenges to global peace and security come from?’ most would venture the Middle East and the Eurasian regions. Unfortunately‚ Northeast Asia is now adding its name on this list of conflict zones.
On previous occasions‚ I have been telling how this region is going through a transformation‚ how the tectonic plates are shifting under our feet.
For the past two decades‚ Northeast Asia focused more on the Korean peninsula due to North Korea’s nuclear weapons programs and its ongoing provocations. But in recent years‚ we are witnessing a surge of new problems compounding the tensions in the region: The underlying historical and territorial issues between regional countries have come to the fore. Challenges such as maritime security‚ space and cyber security‚ delimitation of the Exclusive Economic Zone(EEZ) have also emerged. Now it is not just North and South Korea‚ but also all key players‚ even China and North Korea that are having troubles.
Those of you from Europe might find this perplexing. After all‚ the predictions of this being a Pacific Century or an Asian Century are a very recent memory. So why and how things have come to be this way? Let me share with you my thoughts.
First‚ is what I call the Asia Paradox. Northeast Asia is a region of deepening economic interdependence but dithering political and military cooperation. There is a mismatch between high and low politics.
Second‚ comes the “return of geopolitics”. It isn’t just major regional powers grating on each other‚ nor does size or power necessarily matter. Different countries have competing dreams and visions‚ and they are not shy in being bold and assertive.
Third‚ is the admixture of atavistic historical revisionism to geopolitical tensions. This is putting enormous negative pressure on bilateral relations.
Fourth‚ geo-economic cooperation is being dampened by geo-political constraints. Those from this region will understand what I mean.
Fifth‚ is the lack of trust between and among regional countries. The trust deficit is at alarming levels.
Sixth‚ comes the detrimental fact that Northeast Asia has neither the mechanisms and nor a culture of multilateral cooperation to diffuse regional tension and conflict. It is the only part of the world where these are absent.
In short‚ the region has an over-supply of problems and a deficit of solutions. Our biggest challenge is to resolve this imbalance. Northeast Asia‚ like Europe‚ is a powerhouse. If Northeast Asia flares up in conflict‚ i
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