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한-OECD 새마을운동 공동연구 워크숍 기조연설(영문)
- 한-OECD 새마을운동 공동연구 워크숍 기조연설(영문)
- 저작자 미상 (저작물 2267371 건)
Director Mario Pezzini‚
Ambassador Lee Sihyung‚
Prof. Kim Eun Mee‚
Ladies and Gentlemen‚
First of all‚ I would like to offer my warm welcome to all of you‚ who have been working closely with us for global poverty reduction in general and rural development in particular. I am proud that Korea‚ once one of the poorest countries in the world‚ has now become a full-fledged member of the OECD and combines efforts with the OECD to contribute to the rural development in developing countries. It is also with a sense of personal achievement that I address this important gathering as I played my due part in pursuing this joint project from the very beginning.
I would like to express my sincere gratitude to Mr. Mario Pezzini‚ Dr. Carl Dahlman and the OECD team for having so willingly provided research resources for this meaningful joint project on Saemaul Undong.
Ladies and Gentlemen‚
When it comes to the global efforts to eradicate poverty‚ agricultural and rural development have always been a missing link. Since the 1980s‚ the interests of the international community in‚ and its aid volume for‚ agriculture in developing countries have continued to decline. Furthermore‚ in addressing the issue of poverty‚ the MDGs did not draw a particular distinction between urban and rural areas‚ home to 75 percent of the world’s poorest.
A lack of interest in rural development has resulted in deteriorating conditions in the rural areas and a worsening food situation in developing countries. In 1999‚ the volume of emergency food aid to developing countries exceeded the amount of agriculture-related ODA‚ an ironical phenomenon. And regrettably‚ this trend continued and even intensified thereafter.
Fortunately‚ however‚ since the 2000s‚ there has been growing awareness of the importance of agricultural and rural development. Such recognition of the international community is clearly reflected in the adoption of the 2003 Maputo Declaration on Agriculture and Food Security which set out the commitment of African countries to allocate 10 percent of their annual budget on agriculture‚ the holding of the 2006 African Fertilizer Summit‚ and the launch of the l'Aquila Food Security Initiative in 2009 which aimed to increase agricultural productivity rather than to provide a posteriori food assistance.
Last year‚ the founder of Microsoft‚ Bill Gates emphasized that increased agricultural productivity is key to the eradication of poverty around the world. It should also be noted that the Proposal of the Open Working Group for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)‚ which was submitted to the UN General Assembly last September‚ included the promotion of sustainable agriculture as the second goal‚ along with food security and improved nutrition.
Rural development is closely interlinked not only with food security and nutrition‚ but also with the cross-cutting issues for poverty reduction such as gender equality‚ education‚ and maternal and child health. An analysis by the World Bank concluded that GDP growth generated in agriculture is at least twice as effective in reducing poverty as growth generated by other sectors. As such‚ there is growing consensus that rural development is one of the most important domains that should be highlighted in the post-2015 development agenda where we place an emphasis on inclusiveness.
Indeed‚ revisiting Saemaul Undong is in line with such an increased recognition of the importance of agricultural and rural development. The reason why most of the developing countries wishing to share Korea’s development experience have shown particular interest in the success of Saemaul Undong is simply because they recognize that rural development is a critical link to poverty reduction.
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