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제네바 군축회의(CD) 기조연설(영문)
- 제네바 군축회의(CD) 기조연설(영문)
- 저작자 미상 (저작물 2267371 건)
Mr. Acting Secretary-General‚
It is a great honor and privilege for me to address today the Conference on Disarmament (CD)‚ the sole multilateral disarmament negotiation forum. Based on the ideal of achieving peace and security through disarmament‚ the CD has produced a series of landmark treaties that constitute the very foundation of international peace and security.
As a member of the CD since 1996‚ the Republic of Korea has rendered its unwavering support to the work of the Conference‚ while actively participating in its deliberations. I deeply appreciate the ongoing efforts by the President of the Conference‚ Ambassador of Mongolia and the Member States to put the CD back to work‚ and wish you every success throughout the entire 2015 Session.
(Revitalization of the CD and an FMCT)
This spring‚ we are looking at a number of opportunities ahead in the field of disarmament and non-proliferation. The nuclear talks between the P5+1 with Iran are on the final stretch. The International Partnership for Nuclear Disarmament Verification will take place in two weeks. The UN Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) on Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty (FMCT) will convene for its final session. And the NPT States Parties will discuss ways to reinforce the cornerstone of the global nuclear non-proliferation regime at the 2015 Review Conference.
Although it would be na?ve for us to assume that everything will be on an even keel‚ potentially we can change the scene quite dramatically within a few weeks. But here is one thing to note: we do not see the CD playing much of a role in any of these international efforts.
The inconvenient truth we must squarely face is that the CD has not delivered anything tangible for nearly two decades. First we called the situation a stalemate‚ then‚ a deadlock. But when this continues‚ we must admit that the very foundation of the forum will be called into question. It must be seen as a wake-up call for the entire membership.
Here we might need to look outward: diverse alternative pathways toward disarmament negotiations are starting to emerge outside the CD. We know at least three successful cases: the Ottawa Convention‚ the Oslo Convention‚ and the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). As we are living in a hyper-connected new digital age where one can manufacture weapons with 3-D printers and robots can choose their own targets‚ concerned group of individuals can always create a new trend. The CD cannot take its status as the “sole multilateral negotiating forum” for granted.
Among the core issues of the CD‚ the Republic of Korea believes that an FMCT stands out as ready for negotiation. The CD has already created two stepping stones -- the Shannon Mandate in 1995 and CD/1864 in 2009. Yet‚ it did not build upon the hard-won momentum. An FMCT will contribute not only to nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation but also to the global nuclear security architecture.
At this juncture‚ I would like to emphasize the important task entrusted to the UN GGE on FMCT. Its consensus report will not only provide our future negotiators with useful guidance‚ but also carries the potential to work as a strong catalyst that drives the CD forward. I sincerely hope that the work of the GGE can provide the international community with fresh hope‚ positively influencing other fora as well. And we can initiate the change here in Geneva.
(NPT Review Conference)
The year 2015 has a special meaning for the international community as the year of the NPT Review Conference. In 2010‚ the NPT RevCon adopted the consensus Action Plan that contains a number of recommendations to the CD as well. Aside from requesting immediate commencement of FMCT negotiation‚ the Action Plan called for the establishment of a subsidia
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